Manhattan Labs Testing For Infectious Diseases

Many infectious diseases can inhabit an individual going unnoticed for years, however many are not seriously harmful to the infected individual unless they already have a weakened immune system or are pregnant. At Manhattan Labs, most test results for Infectious Diseases can be reported back to the physician within 24 hours. All positive results are reflexed to confirmation.


Infectious Diseases and Pregnancy

Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi and they can be spread directly or indirectly between individuals. It is important to be test for infectious diseases if you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant as these diseases can have an adverse effect on a child and cause many complications.


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CMV is a common virus that can infect almost anyone. Most people do not know they have CMV because it rarely causes symptoms. However, if you're pregnant or have a weakened immune system, CMV is cause for concern. This virus effects more then 60% of women.

Once infected with CMV, your body retains the virus for life. However, CMV usually remains dormant if you are healthy. There's no cure for CMV, but drugs can help treat newborns and people with weakened immune systems.

CMV spreads from person to person through body fluids, such as blood, saliva, urine, semen and breast milk. CMV spread through breast milk usually does not make the baby sick. However, if you are pregnant and develop an active infection, you can pass the virus to your baby.

At Manhattan Labs, CMV results are screened and reported back to the ordering physician within 24 hours.

Hepatitis C is an infectious disease affecting primarily the liver, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The infection is often asymptomatic, but chronic infection can lead to scarring of the liver and ultimately to cirrhosis, which is generally apparent after many years. In some cases, those with cirrhosis will go on to develop liver failure, liver cancer, or life-threatening esophageal and gastric varices.

HCV is spread primarily by blood-to-blood contact associated with intravenous drug use, poorly sterilized medical equipment, and transfusions. An estimated 150–200 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis.

At Manhattan Labs Hepatitis C screening assay has a 24 turnaround time for a Non-Reactive results, and however up to 72 hours to confirm by PCR if reactive.

HIV is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS. Unlike some other viruses, the human body cannot cure of HIV so once an individual is diagnosed with HIV, they will have it for life.

In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by having sex with or sharing drug injection equipment with someone who is infected with HIV. Certain forms of sexual activity are more at risk for infection than others, although HIV cannot be spread by casual contact such as hugging or shaking hands.

Manhattan Labs offers the Abbott HIV Ag/Ab Combo which is the first FDA approved 4th generation assay that uses the HIV p24 antigen and antibodies to HIV-1(group M and O) and HIV-2 in plasma or serum.

At Manhattan Labs, following the CDC guidelines, HIV results are screened and if reactive are tested using a supplemental assay (Bio-Rad MultiSpot) which will differentiate between HIV-1 and HIV-2.  All results are reported back to the physician within 24 hours.

Syphilis is a bacterial infection usually spread by sexual contact. The cause of syphilis is a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. Syphilis spreads from person to person via skin or mucous membrane contact.

After the initial infection, the syphilis bacteria can lie dormant in your body for decades before becoming active again. Early syphilis can be cured, sometimes with a single injection of penicillin. Without treatment, syphilis can severely damage your heart, brain or other organs, and can be life-threatening.

At Manhattan Labs, RPR testing is the initial course of testing for Syphilis followed by confirmation using Treponemal antibodies IgG with a turnaround time of 24 hours.

Toxoplasmosis is a disease that results from infection with the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, one of the world's most common parasites. Commonly known as “cat scratch fever”.

Toxoplasmosis may cause flu-like symptoms in some people, but most people affected never develop signs and symptoms. For infants born to infected mothers and for people with weakened immune systems, toxoplasmosis can cause extremely serious complications. Babies are most at risk of contracting toxoplasmosis if you become infected in the third trimester and are least at risk if you become infected during the first trimester. On the other hand, the earlier in your pregnancy the infection occurs, the more serious the outcome for your baby.

At Manhattan Labs testing is performed for Toxoplasmosis daily for both IgG and IgM with a turnaround time of 24 hours. All positive IgM results are sent for confirmation.

Tuberculosis is a contagious disease that primarily infects the lungs. Tuberculosis can be fatal if not treated properly and can be spread to others if left untreated.

Manhattan Labs uses the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT) which is a blood test that can help diagnose tuberculosis (TB) infection. QFT, an interferon-gamma release assay, ie. IGRA, is a major scientific advance over the 110-year-old tuberculin skin test (or Mantoux), giving greater accuracy and a more reliable result.

At Manhattan Labs testing is performed for Tuberculosis (TB).


For more information about our specialty offerings please visit our Specialities Page.

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